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Eriugena’s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus or Joannes Scottigena. In the manuscripts of the tenth and subsequent centuries the forms. ERIUGENA, JOHANNES SCOTTUS(b. Ireland, early ninth century;d. England [?], c. ), natural philosophy, theology. For the original article on Eriugena see. The crucially important Christian mystic philosopher, translator, theologian and poet, John Scottus Eriugena (Johannes Scottus Eriugena or Scotus Erigena).

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He did not for a moment suspect that in those writings he had to deal with a loosely articulated system of thought in which Christian teachings were mingled with the tenets of a subtle but profoundly anti-Christian pantheism. Let us hear a lot more of analysis on this colossally important theme in Eriugena’s work from Moran: However, divine appearances or “theophanies” may, through the grace of God, be apprehended by the intellect. The new Jeauneau edition is based on six manuscripts, including two manuscripts, Paris Bibl.

John Scotus Erigena

Birthplace At one time the birthplace of Eriugena was a matter of dispute. Expositiones super Ierarchiam caelestem can be found in Patrologia If you do so, the truth will reveal to you in all such things only He who made them, outside of Whom you have nothing to contemplate, for He Himself is all things. The material world, therefore, of our experience is composed of ideas clothed in matter — here Eriugena attempts a reconciliation of Platonism with Aristotelean notions.

From Iamblichus to EriugenaLeiden. It is probable that Eriugena died sometime around What the Hell Is Hell?

John Scottus Eriugena

For just as God is both beyond all things and in all things — for He Who only truly is, is the essence of all things, and while He is whole in all things He does not cease to be whole beyond all things, whole in the world, whole around the world, whole in the sensible creature, whole in the intelligible creature, whole creating the universe, whole eriegna in the universe, whole in the whole of the universe and whole in its parts, since He is both the whole and the part, just as He is neither the whole nor the part — in the same way human nature in its own world in ergiena own subsistence in its own universe and in its invisible and visible parts is erigens in itself, and whole in its whole, and whole in its parts, and its johb are whole in themselves and whole in the whole.


We must follow reason which investigates erihena truth of things. No creature, either rational or intellectual, is in itself substantially light, but participates in the one true substantial Light that shines intelligibly everywhere and in all things Between and Erigena went to the court of Charles the Bald, king of the West Franks, who resided most frequently at the royal villa of Quierzysur-Oise near Laon. Medieval doctrines role in philosophy In Western philosophy: Eriugena had a unique gift for identifying the underlying intellectual framework, broadly Neoplatonic but also deeply Christian, assumed by the writers of the Christian East.

John Scotus Erigena | Irish philosopher |

Nothing is known about Eriugena’s place or date of birth or of the circumstances of his early life, but, on the basis of circumstantial evidence and some surviving testimonia helpfully gathered in Brennan,it is conjectured that he was born in Ireland around or possibly slightly earlier c.

The poems show Eriugena’s fascination with Greek, indeed some poems are written entirely in Greek. In his Homilia Eriugena writes: The sound intellect must hold that after the end of this world every nature, whether corporeal or incorporeal, will seem to be only God, while preserving the integrity of its nature, so that even God, Who in Himself is incomprehensible, is after a certain mode comprehended in the creature, while the creature itself by an ineffable miracle is changed into God.


Eriugena was likely fleeing the destructive Viking raids ravaging his homeland from around the turn of the 9th century onward. It deals with the problem raised by Gotteschalk regarding the doctrine of predestinationand, more specifically, undertakes to prove that predestination is single, not double — in other words, that there is no predestination to sin and punishment but only to grace and eternal happiness.

A Survey of Publications — In the PeriphyseonEriugena repeats the position of the De Praedestinatione that God does not know evil, and, in a genuine sense, God may be said not to know anything; his ignorance is the highest wisdom. Human self-ignorance mirrors the divine self-ignorance; human incomprehensibility mirrors divine incomprehensibility.

Sin, in fact, results from the will of the individual who falsely represents something as good which is not so. The “creation” of the world is in reality a theophania, or showing forth of the Essence of God in the things created. An apocryphal tale, dating from the twelfth century, records that Eriugena was stabbed to scots by his students with their pens!

Frankfurt johhn Main, Germany: Erigena makes a fourfold erigens of the things that are, or nature—that which creates and is not created; that which is created and creates; that which is created and does not create; that which neither creates nor is created.

To this remark should be added another in order that we may fully understand Eriugena’s attitude towards orthodoxy. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. But above all, Eriugena is a mystic who emphasizes the unity of human nature with God.

Thank you for your feedback. A Philosopher of the Dark AgesLondon: They correspond to the very movements of reality: