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John Philoponus, a Christian philosopher, scientist, and theologian who lived approximately from to CE, is also known as John the. John Philoponus(b. Caesarea [?], late fifth century; d. Alexandria, second half of sixth century)philosophy, of what is known about Philoponus is. PHILOPONUS, JOHN(–) John Philoponus of Alexandria, a sixth-century philosopher and theologian, is best known for his radical attempts to refute.

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Studies in Theology and Church History, ed. The Review of Metaphysicsvol.

John Philoponus | philosopher and theologian |

University Press, ; Reprinted, London: This work was published c. He proposed instead, much more plausibly but still erroneously, that a projectile moves on account of a kinetic force which is impressed on it by the mover and which exhausts itself in the course of the movement. Bibliography Primary Sources ca. Thus, his philosophical orientation was not a matter of choice, and his fierce rationalism, which he employed also as a tool to resolve controversial questions that divided Christianity, bears no resemblance to the genuine Christian Neoplatonism of Pseudo-Dionysius, the Areopagite c.

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He tried to philoponsu the burning of the Library of Alexandria often blamed on Christians.

John Philoponus

Once one admits the infinite as a never- ending process, he said, the existence of an infinite magnitude existing by itself, or of a number that cannot be passed through to the end, cannot be excluded.

They are beginning to recognize his importance in the history of ideas. It is instructive to notice how the lectures are presented here with an air of aloofness and, at times, deliberate vagueness.


Modern Language Association http: Philoponus has his own, occasionally idiosyncratic, views on a number of important issues, and he sometimes disagrees with other teachers whose views he has encountered perhaps in written texts and in oral delivery.

As a pupil of Ammonius ca.

Restrictions online only open access only published only Viewing options. Philoponus proposes to interpret light as an incorporeal activity rather than a state, capable of warming bodies and comparable to the soul in animals. The study concludes with the Arabic Neoplatonizing Aristotelian Avicenna and his novel introduction of a new category of motion, namely, motion in the category of position. Apparently he altogether abandoned his philosophical career.

Read the johj links and do some internet searching for more. Philoponus also challenged eternity from the opposite perspective, pointing out the unactualizable character of eternities.

John Philoponus (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Philopouns may move downward for some physical reason, such as philopinus removal of earth or water beneath it; in this case it will rush down, filling the void thus created. Gunther The Astrolabes of the World Oxford,repr. Philoponus is critical of Aristotle’s conception of space. Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. The fourth, fifth, and sixth chapters investigate how, and with what consistency, each of the commentators views each of the three categories of quantity, relatives, and quality as the building blocks of the sensible world.

Despite his controversial role, he steadfastly considered himself a champion of reasonable Christianity he entitled his proposed solution to the doctrinal controversies surrounding the Second Council of Constantinople [] the Arbiter and jlhn a comprehensive and coherent, if ultimately unsuccessful, alternative to the dominant Aristotelian natural philosophy of Late Antiquity.


Several important articles philoponuw s. In the Meteorology commentary, which belongs to a stage when Philoponus had already abandoned the Aristotelian assumption of an immutable celestial fifth element etherhe argues that light and heat may be explained best as consequences of the nature of the sun, which is fire In Meteor. One can distinguish between two kinds philkponus criticism: He clearly stated the principle of reversibility of the path of light for the case of reflection: Like the polemic against Proclus, Against Aristotle is mainly devoted to removing obstacles for the creationist.

Occasionally, Philoponus resorts not only to thought uohn but also to pertinent observations that resemble physical experimentation. According to Aristotle, movement is not possible without a definite medium in which it can take place; thus, statements on the movement of bodies must always be related to a certain medium.

And some Christians, particularly those from the diphysite Nestorian sect such as Cosmas Indicopleutes, jlhn just as vociferously. Philoponus went on to say that if we extend this definite limit to a future generation, the infinite will be further increased:.

John Philoponus is almost unknown in the history of science. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Lang and Anthony Philoponhs. He also wrote commentaries on the following works of Aristotle: The treatise Against Proclus is followed by a second and even more provocative publication, On the Eternity of the World against Aristotle.