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But the Scythian cavalry and the Bactrians, who had been drawn up with them, sallied forth against them and being much more numerous they put the small body of Greeks to rout. Darius placed himself in the center with his best infantry, as was the tradition among Persian kings. New York, New York: This is bayalla on Arrian’s account:.

Retrieved from ” https: The twenty-fourth [day of the lunar month], in the morning, the king of the world [i. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Category:Battle of Gaugamela

Doge, Theodore Ayrault Archived from the original on This section needs additional citations for verification. While the infantry battled the Persian troops in the centre, Alexander began to ride ce the way to the edge of the right flank, accompanied by his Companion Cavalry. This large wedge then smashed into the weakened Persian center, taking out Darius’ royal guard and the Greek mercenaries.


It demanded that he withdraw from Asia and release his prisoners.

The Bactrian cavalry and Bessus caught up with him, as did some of the survivors of the Royal Guard and 2, Greek mercenaries. La Batalla de Gaugamela detalle. On the right-center were Cretan mercenaries.

Most historians agree that the Macedonian army consisted of 31, heavy infantry, including mercenaries and hoplites from other allied Greek states in reserve, with an additional 9, light infantry consisting mainly of peltasts with xe archers. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:.

Hellenistic Culture and Society.

By then, however, the battle had been decided in the center by Alexander himself. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:.

This page was last edited on 19 January gaugmaela, at Chariots were placed in front with a small group of Bactrians. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

File:Batalla de Gaugamela (M.A.N. Inv.1980-60-1) 02.jpg

Batalla de Gaugamela M. Ancient historians provide different accounts of his negotiations with Alexander, which can be separated into three negotiation attempts.

He also had 15 Indian elephants supported by Indian chariots. National Archaeological Museum of Spain. Essays in Memory of Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg. When Alexander discovered Darius murdered, he was saddened to see an enemy he respected killed in such a fashion, and gave Darius a full burial ceremony at Persepolis, the former ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire, before angrily faugamela Bessus, capturing and executing him the following year.

Battle of Gaugamela – Wikipedia

The prisoners told the Macedonians that Darius was not far away, with his encampment near Gaugamela. He fled when Alexander’s army approached to cross the river. For a short time there ensued a hand-to-hand fight; but when the Macedonian cavalry, commanded by Alexander himself, pressed on vigorously, thrusting themselves against the Persians and striking their faces with their spears, and when the Macedonian phalanx in dense array and bristling with long pikes had also made an attack upon them, all things together appeared full of terror to Darius, who had already long been in a state of fear, gahgamela that he was the first to turn and flee.


Quintus Curtius Rufus He would force Darius to attack as they would soon move off the prepared groundthough Darius did not want to be the first to attack after seeing what happened at Issus against a similar formation. Fox, Btalla Lane Ancient sources Arrian You may select the license of your choice. National Archaeological Museum of Spain. The mercenary cavalry was divided into two groups, veterans on the flank of the right and the rest in front of the Agrians and Greek archers, who were stationed next to the phalanx.

Ivory relief sculpted in the 18th century by an anonymous author.